CHILD HEALTH Is child mortality falling? -Hans Rosling
Is it possible to reach Millennium Development Goal 4: a reduction of child mortality with two thirds between 1990 and 2015.
Egypt and Turkey did it in only 15 years and Peru has also already met the goal.
In fact, 16 countries managed to reduce child mortality with 2/3 between 1990 and 2008 and another 43 is well on their way to do it by 2015.
The sad story is that 10 countries have the same or higher child mortality today than in 1990.
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Estimation Methods Used by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation
To increase the transparency of the estimation process, the IGME has developed a child mortality database CME Info (www.childmortality.org). This database includes all available data, and also allows the application of a range of smoothing techniques. Estimates for countries without high HIV/AIDs prevalence can be replicated by users in the CME Info database after registration. Estimates for the 17 countries with high HIV/AIDS prevalence cannot be replicated in the CME Info at this point but tools and codes are available upon request.
Levels & Trends in Child Mortality Report 2010
Estimates Developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF)
The most recent IGME estimates show that nearly 8.1 million children under age five died in 2009—or more th an 22,000 children a day. Still, these figures reflect substantial progress. Globally, the under-five mortality rate has fallen from 89 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 60 in 2009. But the rate of decline—a one-third reduction over 20 years—is insufficient to meet MDG 4, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Asia and Oceania.