Dialogue sur le Développement : “Boiling Point > Can citizen action save the world?” by Kumi Naidoo. Merci @BonnieKoenig

Par défaut

C’est grâce au post  de @BonnieKoenig à propos des lectures qui l’ont inspirée cette année que j’ai découvert ce document Dialogue sur le Développement.

Et en allant un peu plus loin, j’ai trouvé la présentation du livre avec les chapitres sur le site de CIVICUS. Vous pouvez télécharger le document entier ou les chapitres.

NB : tout est en anglais, à l’exception de la présentation du document que j’ai traduite avec l’aide de Google Translate.

Dialogue sur le développement n ° 54, Juillet 2010 – CIVICUS
Boiling Point » Can citizen action save the world?

Written by: Kumi Naidoo
Published by: Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation (as part of the Development Dialogue Series)

Source : Civicus.org

Ce volume propose les idées et réflexions – à la fois critiques et autocritiques – d’un activiste de la société civile en vue, engagé dans les luttes locales et globales pour l’émancipation des plus de 30 ans. Sur la base de ses propres expériences dans de nombreux contextes différents Kumi Naidoo plaide la participation des gens ordinaires pour plus de justice dans ce monde. Son point de départ est que la société civile ne peut être renforcée dans le vide. Ses réalisations doivent être le résultat d’actions par des personnes réelles face aux problèmes réels. Le document traite plusieurs des questions les plus brûlantes d’aujourd’hui et aborde également des sujets sensibles au sein des mouvements mondiaux engagés dans des luttes pour la justice et l’égalité. Il n’évite pas des opinions impopulaires sur plusieurs questions, et prône un engagement avec des représentants de divers organismes, y compris celles controversées telles que les organisations confessionnelles et le milieu des affaires. Tout en étant guidé par une notion de formes non violentes de résistance, l’auteur favorise néanmoins des alternatives radicales à la reproduction des sociétés existantes comme une nécessité pour relever les défis de la sécurisation de la survie de l’espèce humaine et une vie décente pour tous. Ses réflexions s’ajoutent à la recherche d’alternatives durables et les contributions potentielles que l’action citoyenne concernée peut offrir.

Download whole issue (9,5 mb)

Download chapters

Ce document a été à l’ordre du jour de la «troisième » Conférence des Nations Unies sur les questions de gouvernance mondiale actuellement en jeu.

Can Citizen Action Save the World? – UNU-ONY
In Association with the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation

With Henning Melber
Date: Thursday 21st October, 2010,

As part of the UNU Midday Forum Programme, the United Nations University Office at the UN, New York (UNU-ONY) is holding an event entitled Can Citizen Action Save the World? in association with the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation.

This event, in the form of a talk and a discussion, will address the question Can Citizen Action Save the World? Engaging with the issue of the role of citizen action in global politics (in the form of formal and informal institutions, practices and initiatives), it will analyse the incorporation of non-state actors into international relations. It will address the importance and the potential of citizen action in the form of participation by civil society agencies and social movement activists. The role of citizens, in the form of NGOs and social movements, has had an increasingly vital influence on socio-political spheres. Evaluating the participation of civil society actors, this dialogue will attempt to blend pragmatism with principles, seeking to have an impact on policy processes while considering the implications of citizen action for domestic and global governance.

The event is part of the UNU Midday Forum Programme, which offers an intimate and informal platform of discussion to the UN Permanent Missions, the UN Secretariat, UN agencies, academia, NGOs and the private sector, to discuss and exchange ideas and experiences on important topics related to the UN.

Et enfin, le livre a été présenté et commenté sur le site Soul Beat Africa “Where communication and media are central to social and economic development in Africa”
Boiling Point: Can Citizen Action Save The World?
Submitted by aventh on November 28, 2011 – 8:35am
[…]
Nine chapters deal with the following issues arising out of global movements engaged in struggles for justice and equality:

  • Citizen action and the democratic deficit – “the importance of engaging citizens at a local level in the process of civil society, the only way in which ordinary people can generally have an impact on both their local issues and the vast, global issues of poverty, climate change and injustice. »
  • Re-defining what change means and how it occurs – (“working on three different levels – macro (governance changes), meso (policy changes), micro (implementation and delivery of social services” to bring about participatory governance: « participation of all sections of society in the decision-making process and the formulation and implementation of policies. »
  • Accountability – civil society should have proper modes of accountability for its own organisations so as not to undermine its own position in making vigorous critiques of the organisations it is seeking to influence, reform or even transform.
  • Citizen organisations and the business community – civil society and business need to reinvent their relationship with civil society recognising the citizenship of business people and creating a context in which to challenge business to face up to its responsibilities towards the planet and people; the challenge for both sides is to find a way to engage in dialogue in order to harness the vast resources business can bring to bear on the problems of today, while challenging business’s disproportionate influence on national and global decision making.
  • Secular and religious civil society dynamics – CSOs have to take into account something fundamental: religious institutions have the widest reach in terms of membership, resources, and depth of commitment. Religious institutions therefore must be engaged in campaigns on issues of climate change and poverty eradication, dealing with the contradictions.
  • Poverty – The issue must be addressed at the macro, micro and meso levels, addressing both service delivery (micro) but also the policy issues at the meso and macro levels. Organisations must realise that poverty crosses over directly to the issue of human rights and justice and in fact human rights, human development and human security are interdependent tenets.
  • Climate change – We are obliged to make sure that the largest number of people are able to participate in the intersection between poverty and climate change recognising that there is no time for small steps. If we fail, “it won’t matter if you from the global North or global South. Our fates will be sealed together.”
  • The prospects and limitations of civil society in challenging environments – Civil society free from the constraints of short-termism can help societies afflicted by conflict towards meaningful recovery and reconciliation. « Creating political institutions might take six months. It might take six years to create a viable economy. But it will probably take 60 years to create a genuinely civil society. »
  • The challenge of youth citizenship – Organising youth and capturing their energy and courage are essential.
  • The majority are socially excluded!! – The elderly, indigenous groups, and women are among the most excluded. « Humanity should be judged not on the economic achievements of those who are already privileged but by the most socially excluded. For democracy to have any value, policy-makers and civil society organisations must address the issue of justice for socially excluded, marginalised groups. »

Proposed communication related strategies for citizen action include:

  • More citizen journalism that helps to frame the debate, share information, and act as an early warning system to equip others with important details to protect themselves or their communities, or develop strategies to deal with day-to-day events. (Mainstreaming the issues – governments respond to large constituencies expressing themselves in mainstream, public environments)
  • Policy advocacy is not at odds with adaptation and mitigation (to climate change, for example). Each would benefit from greater integration and intelligence sharing with the other.
  • Engagement with national governments and intergovernmental organisations can be through principled non-engagement, selective engagement, and comprehensive engagement.
  • Break down the barriers within civil society through cooperation and collaboration across sectors between the broadest spectrum of CSOs working in the interrelated areas of human rights, human development, and human security; regional cooperation and collaboration in order to support policy change at transnational levels, where the real power of influencing policy change is increasingly found. Coalition building is one manner of cooperation.
  • Intelligence sharing – the exchange of practical, on the ground learning and best practices among organisations.
  • Capacity building (training and empowerment) is a service that builds the skills of recipients, enabling them to become empowered or increasingly self-subsistent, and capable of confronting the underlying issues that have created the challenges they face.
  • Reclaiming civil disobedience – NGOs need to take risks, because history teaches us that systemic policy change occurs when decent people put their lives or livelihoods at risk through civil disobedience and activism.
  • Participatory governance, the « participation of all sections of society in the decision-making process and the formulation and implementation of policies. » Advocacy and activism should aim for more than simple electoral democracy.

In his conclusion, the author reminds readers that his key message is that civic groups should focus more on what unites them than what divides them and agree to respectfully disagree on the latter while finding creative ways to work together on the former.

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